How You Can Conduct OHS and Environmental Risk Assessment in Construction Works
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Article by Germie G
How You Can Conduct OHS and Environmental Risk Assessment in Construction Works – Business
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Risk assessment (RA) is completed to:
• determine foreseeable hazards and study the risk of those hazards • remove, or at least manage, the risks by using the ‘Hierarchy of Controls’ • monitoring the controls and reviewing their effectiveness.
Hazard is defined as “A supply or situation with possible for harm with regards to human injury or ill-health, harm to property, harm to the atmosphere, or perhaps a combination of these”.
The particular WHS Regulation and AS/NZS 4801 requires a threat management method to health and safety hazards inside the workplace. This strategy requires:
• systematically identifying any foreseeable hazard that may occur• evaluating risks and taking any needed action to remove or control them• developing systems that ensure control measures are utilized and maintained• reviewing danger assessments often and whenever circumstances modify• verifying the accuracy in the threat assessment and the effectiveness of applied controls.
Project Managers (PMs) are accountable for:
• organising, facilitating and documenting threat assessment meetings• employing outcomes of those meetings, and monitoring and recording progress.• ensuring that a danger assessment is undertaken for every project• ensuring that SWMS are created and issued for high to medium-risk activities prior to the commencement of work• ensuring that the hierarchy of controls is applied• ensuring that emergency procedures are developed and implemented• ensuring that functions done below contract for and by Xyz are in accordance with all the suitable OHS and environmental specifications• rejecting or quarantining and stoping using unsafe work areas, work methods, components, plant and gear
Supervisors are responsible for:
• Implementing the outcomes of danger assessment meetings • Identifying any further hazards during the complete construction period and making certain that risks are assessed prior to work begins• requesting or developing SWMS when they are required
Risk assessment meetings are held when a project is identified and prior to work starts on site. The meeting ought to be held with sufficient lead-time for outcomes to become documented and acted on.Risk assessments are reviewed as soon as a month, and when circumstances alter or new activities are to become introduced.Threat assessment must also be reviewed to avoid reoccurrence following an event to analyse the:
• likelihood of re-injury or additional plant damage • degree of risk reduction achieved right after corrective actions have been implemented.
Risk assessment meetings are held to consult with the project delivery team and involve them in clearly scoping the delivery of project operates, documenting the sequence of work activities and identifying vital OHS and environmental hazards that might outcome in illness or injury, harm to the atmosphere as a way to assess the risks and talk about and agree on appropriate OHS and environmental controls for the project.
The method involves the delivery team which includes subcontractors, having a facilitator, ‘stepping through’ the work activities and identifying risks and hazards entailed in each activity. The danger assessment meeting is organised and facilitated by the Project Manager; the facilitator must:
1. Schedule the RA meeting and invite the project team (which includes subcontractors) and help staff (Systems Manager, Top quality Systems Officer, OHS representative)2. Bring the following documents:
a. copy of this procedure and associated typesb. the project scopec. the construction drawingsd. works systeme. Environmental influence assessment or Evaluation of Environmental Factors
3. Systematically work by way of the proposed sequence of activities for the project with all the team to identify all the actions involved and the connected OHS and environmental hazards (encourage the active involvement of team members and seek innovative approaches). Use form IMS-SP03-F01 Threat assessment checklist as guide to assist determine any concerns as well as the controls required to be implemented on website.
• Review the project design to determine design changes that will boost safety, productivity, environmental outcomes and ongoing upkeep.• Consider issues, hazards, foreseeable emergencies, incident history and determine activities requiring health surveillance
Note: If the project has a planned duration of numerous months it might be best to only cover the activities programmed for the first 6-8 weeks in detail. Cover other activities at subsequent meetings reviews when hazards grow to be a lot more apparent. In this case list the future activities and note – “To be assessed throughout RA review prior to the activity commencing”
4. Lead the method of ranking all of the OHS and environmental hazards using the threat assessment reckoners attached to this process. Exactly where a safety risk ranking among 1 and 3 is determined within any component of an activity, SWMS has to be developed for that activity.
Note: Think about the likelihood that much more than one activity could be taking spot on website at a given time.
5. If the hazard can’t be eliminated, controls need to be adopted in Hierarchy of Control order – first thinking about controls for Substitution, then Isolation, then Engineering controls. Administrative Controls and Private Protective Gear (PPE) ought to only be regarded as in conjunction with one or more of the larger level controls.
6. Document outcomes of RA meeting utilizing form IMS-SP03-F02 Threat Assessment record.
The Threat assessment process also determines possible emergencies for the project. These are generally addressed as outlined by IMS-SP-13 Emergency preparedness and response procedure.
The particular hierarchy of controls
Risks are managed in accordance with the hierarchy of controls prescribed inside the WHS Regulation.Manage measures are drawn from as high up the hierarchy as is practicable, in accordance with the severity in the risk, existing information regarding the hazard and its risks, and the availability and price of control technology.
A combination of control measures is needed if a single measure will not successfully manage the threat, for instance, utilizing engineering controls and PPE w hen operating with paint containing lead.
Danger assessment meeting outcomes
Results from the RA meeting are critical information to manage OHS issues on construction projects; they relate or feed as follows:
• The initial project RA record constitutes the Project hazards register and should be included within the CPMP for the project. This really is updated throughout the life from the project, via subsequent RA meetings and RA evaluations.• OHS hazards and controls identified in the course of the RA are then entered into the Protected Work Approach Statements for the activity and environmental danger and controls entered into the Environmental protection measures table.• SWMS and environmental protection measures are detailed inside the Construction Project Management Strategy (CPMP) for the project• Foreseeable emergencies and activities requiring health surveillance should be communicated to workers throughout induction.• Safe work method statements must be developed for medium and high danger activities exactly where the hazards can’t be eliminated. Refer to IMS-SP-21Developing Safe Work Technique Statements procedure.• Design adjustments identified are formally submitted towards the client. • Foreseeable Emergencies should be documented in an Emergency Strategy – refer to IMS-SP-13 Emergency preparedness and response process
Risk assessment evaluation
The actual PM reviews the RA with all the project team once a month or when new activities are introduced to verify that the risk assessment is nonetheless valid, all known and foreseeable hazards are included, and that the controls are implemented.
Other triggers for evaluation:
• incidents show that the threat assessment could not be adequate• there is other evidence that the risk assessment is no longer valid• subcontractors are engaged who may introduce additional hazards such as• plant or hazardous equipment and substances• significant changes are proposed in the work.
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